“Independence is a condition of a nation,country or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self government, and usually sovereignty ,over the territory. The opposite of independence is a dependent territory. Independence does not necessarily mean freedom.”
Whether the attainment of independence is different from revolution has long been contested, and has often been debated over the question of violence as a legitimate means to achieving sovereignty. While some revolutions seek and achieve national independence, others aim only to redistribute power with or without an element of emancipation, such as in democratization within a state, which as such may remain unaltered. The Russian October Revolution, for example, was not intended to seek national independence (though it merely transformed government for much of the former Russian Empire)
Nigeria is one of the most populous countries in Africa, despite her current dwindling economic fortunes. Like other countries, the independence day inNigeria is celebrated with great zeal and festive fervor.
It falls on 1st October every year and is also observed with unmatched nationalistic ardor throughout the country. The significance of Independence Day in Nigeria lies in the fact that it binds all Nigerians into one chord not only within the country but also in the far off lands of America, Asia and Europe.
A brief history of Nigeria’s struggle for independence
Historical evidences indicate that the earlier inhabitants of Nigeria were thought to have the Nok tribe followed by Kanuri, Hausa and Fulani who migrated to the country in the subsequent years. In the 13th century Islam was introduced in Nigeria, and the Kanem Empire continued to rule the country till the 14th century. With the annexation of British in 1886, it became a British colony in the later years. After years of hard struggle and political turmoil Nigeria achieved independence on 1st October 1960. The vast landscapes of the country, stretching from the Obudu Hills of the southeast through the beaches in to the rainforest regions of the Lagos estuary the country has worth while natural splendors to explore.
Culturally one of the diverse countries of Africa, Nigeria is home to more than 250 linguistic ethnic groups as Yoruba, Hausa, Fulani and Igbo. The folk music of Nigeria has gained tremendous boost with indigenous fusion giving it a new dimension in the past few years. The economy of Nigeria has come of age with the exploration of oil and petroleum deposits which accounts for nearly 50% of its income. Also the vast mineral resources extensively contribute to the economic upsurge of the country.
The Nigerian Independence day remains incomplete without paying marked homage to its famous freedom fighters and leaders who have inspired the country independence struggle such Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Nnamdi Azikwe and Sir Tafawa Balewa among several others.